The research project investigates the integration of the Max Planck Society into German science policy decision-making processes between the 1960s and the late 1990s. At the beginning of the 1960s, the Max-Planck-Society (MPG), the German Research Foundation (DFG), the West German Rectors' Conference (WRK) and the German Science Council (Wissenschaftsrat) informally founded the Alliance of Science Organisations in order to take a joint position on central questions of science policy and thus actively shape German science policy. As one of the four founding members of the Alliance of Science Organisations, the MPG played an important role not only in its formation, but also in the decades that followed.
The research project therefore aims to investigate the significance of the MPG for the formation and development of the Alliance as an actor in German science policy. In particular, it will be analysed in which way and to what extent the MPG interacted with the other actors of the German science and innovation system – with whom did the MPG cooperate and/or compete? The project thus contributes to the reconstruction of the history of the MPG by shedding light on the role the Max Planck Society in the field of science policy.
The Alliance of Science Organisations acts as an intermediary agent of self-governing research and thus as a corporatist element of research organisation. One of its central tasks was (and is) to cooperatively eliminate structural and situational conflicts between the individual members that result from the intensifying constellation of competition for state resources – by joining forces and cooperating. Consequently, the Alliance of Science Organisations operates between the poles of cooperation and competition
In addition, the project is guided by the question to what extent the traditions of the so-called "German model" of corporatist policy-making can also be identified in the field of science policy and how this model reacted to the Europeanisation of research during the second half of the 20th-century.
Finally, the epistemic effects of corporatistically negotiated science policy and the growing economisation of science are taken into consideration. Case studies on selected areas of research will be used to identify how cooperation and competition influenced research practices.
Scientific Prerequisites for Building an Infrastructure for the Long-Term Archiving of Research Data: "Archival Cultural Heritage Online" (ArCHO)
The research cooperation between the Research Program “History of the Max Planck Society” (GMPG) based at the Max Planck Institiute for History of Science in Berlin and the Gesellschaft für Wissenschaftliche Datenverarbeitung mbH Göttingen (GWDG) has the goal of creating the scientific concepts and requirements for building a sustainable infrastructure that enables the long-term archiving of research data
Dr. Philipp Wieder
Scientific & Technical Consultant
Philipp Wieder (PhD in Computer Science, TU Dortmund, 2013) is a specialist for research infrastructures and service design. He has distinct experience in distributed systems, IT service management, project management, and research-related services. Philipp Wieder is Deputy Head of GWDG and leading their Working Group "eScience".
Urs Schoepflin (diploma in sociology, Freie Universität Berlin, 1975) is a specialist for digital collections and of the digitization of cultural heritage. He has worked and published on digital libraries, open access, scholarly communication and scientometrics. Prior to his position in the framework of the cooperation GWDG-GMPG he was director of the Research Library of the Max Planck Institute for the History of Science 1994–2015.
Dr. Ulrich Schwardmann
Scientific & Technical Consultant
Ulrich Schwardmann is the deputy head of the Working Group „eScience“ at the Gesellschaft für wissenschaftliche Datenverarbeitung Göttingen (GWDG).
Arizona State University
Dr. Manfred D. Laubichler
Manfred D. Laubichler is President’s Professor of Theoretical Biology and History of Biology at Arizona State University and a professor at the Santa Fe Institute. He and his group study among others the problem of evolutionary innovations—from genomes to technologies and knowledge systems. To this end Laubichler and his team develop novel analytical methods (big data computational history of science) and a general theory of phenotypic and knowledge evolution (extended evolution theory). Laubichler first studied zoology and mathematics in Vienna and received his PhD in Biology from Yale University before studying history and history of science at Princeton. His honors include being an elected fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS).
Within the GMPG Research Program Laubichler focuses on the role of the MPG within the development and differentiation of the life sciences, including international comparisons.